Innovation matters for development. Innovation is a major driving force of long-term economic growth and sustainable development.

World Creativity and Innovation Day is a global UN day celebrated on April 21 to raise awareness around the importance of creativity and innovation in achieving the sustainable development goals (SDGs).

Innovation can make a difference in addressing urgent developmental challenges such as providing access to drinking water, eradicating neglected diseases or reducing hunger. The transfer and, when necessary, adaptation of technologies developed in developed countries can often contribute significantly to these goals.

Achieving the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the 17 SDGs – the most ambitious development agenda in human history – requires both creativity and innovation.

Here are the top 10 most innovative countries in Africa, according to the 2022 Global Innovation Index

Here are the top 10 least innovative countries in Africa, according to the 2022 Global Innovation Index

The 2022 Global Innovation Index (GII) measured each economy’s innovative capacity and output by focusing on a long list of criteria such as human capital, institutions, technology and creative output, as well as market and business sophistication, among others. The GII ranking is based on performance across seven pillars: institutions; human capital and research; infrastructure; market sophistication; business sophistication; knowledge and technology outputs; and creative outputs.

A report by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) has evaluated innovation levels across 130 economies to determine the most innovative markets in the world in 2022.

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