Democracy is based on the freely expressed will of the people to determine their own political, economic, social and cultural systems and their full participation in all aspects of their lives (Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action). Today we will be looking at the most and least democratic countries in the world.

Watch the top 10 most democratic countries in the world (2022):

The ranking is based on the Democracy Index that measures the strength of global democracy. The annual survey rates the state of democracy across 167 countries on the basis of five measures with a maximum score of ten—electoral process and pluralism, the functioning of government, political participation, democratic political culture and civil liberties.

The 2022 edition reveals that almost half (45.3%) of the world’s population live in a democracy of some sort, while more than a third (36.9%) live under authoritarian rule.

The Sub -Saharan Africa region registered the greatest decreases in “levels of democracy”, particularly due to political instability.

Russia recorded the biggest democratic decline of any country in the world, falling 22 places down the ranking to 146th.

Watch the 10 least democratic countries in the world (2022):

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